PADDLERsmart! Canada Knowledge Base

Module 06 - Emergency Preparedness



Hypothermia is caused by prolonged exposure to abnormally low temperatures or to dampness. It sets in when the internal body temperature drops to 95° (F) or lower.

Paddlers can become hypothermic through:

  • Cold water immersion.
  • Prolonged exposure to cold air and wind while wearing wet clothing.
  • Prolonged exposure to low temperatures.

Hypothermia victims will experience the following three stages:

  • The Early Stage: During this stage the victim will still be conscious but their speech will be slurry and they will be shivering aggressively.


  • The Intermediate Stage: During this stage the victim will still be conscious, but will be irrational, confused and sleepy. They will also have a slow, weak pulse, slow breathing, reduced muscle functions and a lack of coordination.


  • The Final Stage: During this phase, the victim will collapse and lose consciousness. Their breathing and pulse will also be weak and irregular.

Hypothermia Prevention Tips:

  • Wear a life jacket to stay afloat and to keep your head above the water—50% of body heat loss occurs through the head.
  • Pack protective rain gear in case a storm rolls in.
  • If you’re hunting or fishing from a paddle craft you should always wear cold water/weather survival gear.


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